The spiritual heart of Ethiopia’s large Islamic community, considered as the fourth holy city next to mecca, medina and Jerusalem.it was a focal for Muslims and trade Centre starting from the7 or 10 c.
The walled city of harar better known jegol covered about 60ha is built in 1560 by emir abu bekr Mohamed of the walassma dynasty. originally there were 5 main gates and later two gates added.there are about 83 private and public mosques only with in a wall.it is not only the mosque ,churches also found inside. The tolerance friendly and harmonious way of life awarded harar by UNISCO as city of love.
The harari are traders, farmers cultivating sorghum,fruits, chat( stimulant chewing plant).this citywas important commercial centre captured the attention of many powers including the Egyptians in 1875 and the French poet Arthur Rimbaud who abandoned poetry at the age of 19.
For many centuries harar is ruled by muslim leaders known as emir but Ras mekonnen, the father of h/ Selassie ruled the city during minilik the second time.still his palace is one site inside the walled city.
Another impressive event at harar is hyena man. It is a practice of feeding the wild hyena in every evening as a ritual for many years.