Gonder is the third permanent capital of Ethiopia next to Axum and lalibela . During the gonderian period, Ethiopian civilization especially engineering, culture, education, religious, philosophy, art, music, painting came to the climax. So it is called the golden period or Ethiopian renascence .there are two reasons to establish gongder by eemperor fasiledas in 1632. The legend letter G,(there must be 3 towns will establish with the initial letter g.Guzara,Gorgora and Gonder) and the second one isscientific reasons.
To settle religious conflict between orthodox and catholic, strategic point, to access trade route via redsea & Sudan and to solve water born disease near lake Tana area.